How does Cannabis work?
The human body is equipped with an endocannabinoid system (ECS), a series of cellular receptors that react to imbalances within the body and work to establish stability, or homeostasis. The system consists of two receptors, CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain, central nervous system, and spine. They are responsible for modulating pain sensations. CB2 receptors are primarily located in the immune system and they support anti-inflammatory function. The body naturally produces endocannabinoids which bind to these receptors to help establish stability where needed. Cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, perform a similar function. As such, scientists believe cannabinoids can play an important role in regulating the endocannabinoid system and maintaining stability in the body.
Opioids and Cannabis
There has been a significant increase in opioid related deaths in recent years. Cannabis has been proven to be less addictive and have fewer side effects than opioids. Patients can complement their prescriptions with medical cannabis to avoid overdose.
Opioids and Cannabis
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are volatile organic compounds produced by most plants, as well as some small animals and insects. They are responsible for the pungent aromas emitted by cannabis. In nature, terpenes protect plants from environmental stressors.
There are over 200 terpenes that can be found in cannabis, but a select few are particularly common. Each terpene has a distinctive aroma and unique set of medicinal benefits. In some cases, terpenes interact with cannabinoids, or each other, to enhance medicinal benefits. This is called the entourage effect.
Cannabis for Seniors
Seniors are the fastest growing population of new medical cannabis users, yet many senior citizens remain misinformed about cannabis. This age demographic may even reap the most benefit from this medicinal plant. Most seniors take prescription drugs on a daily basis. The side effects of cannabis are insignificant compared to those of some prescription drugs. Furthermore, the powerful anti-oxidant effects of cannabis can provide relief for many medical conditions.
Ask your provider how cannabis may help your conditions(s). Medical cannabis could become a valuable tool in your “wellness toolbox”.
Cannabis for Seniors
Cannabis Use Guidelines
Different products like flower, edibles, and concentrates require different tools, have varying effects, and require specific precautions. Flower provides immediate effects via vaporization or smoking and can last up to 3 hours. Edibles are more powerful and last for longer periods of time, so start at low doses and gradually increase after allowing up to 6 hours to feel the results. Concentrates are highly potent in small quantities.
First Time Cannabis Use
Ensure that your first time consuming cannabis is a positive experience.
Busting the driving high myth.
Be Mindful with Concentrates
Consuming small amounts of cannabis to enjoy the benefits without the potential negative side effects.
What is in Cannabis?
Cannabis is made up of cannabinoids, terpenes, and to a lesser degree, flavonoids. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that make up the majority of a strain.
Each contains a unique set of properties. CBD and THC are the two most common and frequently sought-after cannabinoids. Others, such as CBC and CBN, are less common, but they do affect the quality of your medicine. This also applies to the many terpenes in the cannabis plant.
More on cannabinoids:
CBD – Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It is most commonly found in hemp and high-CBD cannabis cultivars.
CBN – Cannabinol is a lightly psychoactive cannabinoid known for its sedative properties. It is relatively uncommon in flower and often used in processed cannabis products.
THC – Tetrahydrocannabinol is the primary psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. It is known to help alleviate a number of ailments.
CBG – Cannabigerol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid.
THCV – Tetrahydrocannabivarin is a psychoactive cannabinoid.
CBC – Cannabichromene is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid.
Sources: The Medical Marijuana Dispensary by Laurie Wolf and Mary Wolf and apothecarium.com.
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